The Medieval City of York - part 2
Evidence of Viking influence can be found in the street names one such name is Coppergate.
The Norse word Koppari means cup maker and Gata is a street.
So Coppergate means literally "the street of cup makers."
To confuse matters further a Bar is a gate and a gate is a street.
Bootham is "at the Booths or market stalls."
So try this one - Bootham Bar - in the picture?
My answer- the street of market stalls! Did you get one? Very confusing!
Again, for further information regarding the Vikings look up the Jorvik Centre
A fascinating place, a museum that brings the Norse way of life alive.
Experience the sights, sounds and smells of village life.
Another piece of history that was found was the 12 century Norman wall of a house. See pictures. The arched window can be clearly seen. The other aspect is evidenced by two large sandstone blocks. These were found to be the first floor Hall supports.
Of course, York is not York without mentioning the greatest asset there - the Minster. A couple of fires in its past but thanks to the skills of artisans it has managed to be resurrected to stand proudly and defiantly in the centre of York. A much visited building by believers and non-believers alike. There are other smaller churches dotted around the area including most notably St. Michael le Belfrey the church where the famous or infamous Guy Fawkes was baptised. It seems that this church was also the wedding venue of one Christopher Levett of York an English explorer to Mercy, the daughter of a Reverend Robert More of Guiseley Yorkshire in 1608.
I spent a little over 4 hours investigating York, but to truly appreciate this place you would have to spend a week here just exploring its hidden treasures of historical interest.
Such as the Pub called "the Roman Bath" where there is a glass plate in the floor to display the Roman Bath which was found there.
The crenellated walls around the city and its gated entrances.
NB The weather beat me to the punch. Rain stopped my plans. So I could not get the pictures I wanted of those magnificent walls and battlements. Perhaps, a second visit to cover the other side of the city?
The cats of York. These are statues placed all around York on walls roofs in fact there is a cat trail you can go on to try and find them all. Here is a pic of one. Seems it was a testament to all the cats that had been around since York began and were considered lucky in that they got rid of mice and rats that carried the plague, and they were said to keep away demons too?
Some other items about York you may find interesting for anyone tempted to visit. For instance:
York is one of the most visited cities in England, above all for its medieval heritage - most famously the Minister and the city walls. From its foundation by the Romans in AD 71, the city grew in size and complexity with the arrival of the Anglo-Saxons and then the Vikings, but the Norman Conquest of 1066 and the arrival of William the Conqueror in 1068 was to have a significant impact on the city's future development. Drawing on a mass of unpublished excavations over the last thirty-five years, Gareth Dean shows how York developed from Viking Jorvik into one of the wealthiest cities in medieval Europe. Using archaeology to supplement the historical sources, the author pieces together a much fuller picture of life in medieval York than has previously been possible. Beginning with the changes to the topography and infrastructure of the city after the Norman Conquest, the book moves on to examine the defences of the city, its religious life, life and death for the citizens, trade and industry, and finally the changes in religious and political views in the mid-sixteenth century which marked the end of the medieval period and the start of a new era in the city's history.