Paul is a friend of mine that lives over the pond and in the UK. He took a trip to York and was kind enough to write about the trip and send us some pictures. My thanks go to him for all of this!
I visited York today. Historically York has been much influenced by Romans, Anglo Saxons and Vikings. The Normans too were a part of that history.
If you are interested in a more intensive journey into York then I suggest you visit this website: www.historyofyork.co.uk This website is very comprehensive in its information.
Unfortunately, the pictures I took of my visit were only a small snapshot (if you will pardon the pun) of what the city of York has to offer the tourist and seeker of knowledge.
Medieval buildings still lay cheek by jowl with modern retail outlets but if you lift your gaze above the modern you will be amazed by the history contained within the fabric of those buildings.
I started at Clifford's Tower, a very large edifice perched upon a mound and although the internal structure had been gutted you can climb to the topmost battlements and enjoy the panoramic view of the city. There are placards with information pointing out areas of interest.
A model in the courtyard shows how and where the city walls had been in times long past and again information abounds.
Going up some very steep winding stairs the first thing you encounter is a small medieval Chapel not much bigger in size than a living room but this also has plenty of information.
A point to note in English Castles - the winding staircase is designed in such a way that invaders cannot use their bladed weapons effectively, but the defender had a much more secure position - in other words, "he had the upper hand".
Okay! Let's continue with our adventure through time and through York. Let's get into the rest of the city. Continue
York is one of the most visited cities in England, above all for its medieval heritage - most famously the Minister and the city walls. From its foundation by the Romans in AD 71, the city grew in size and complexity with the arrival of the Anglo-Saxons and then the Vikings, but the Norman Conquest of 1066 and the arrival of William the Conqueror in 1068 was to have a significant impact on the city's future development. Drawing on a mass of unpublished excavations over the last thirty-five years, Gareth Dean shows how York developed from Viking Jorvik into one of the wealthiest cities in medieval Europe. Using archaeology to supplement the historical sources, the author pieces together a much fuller picture of life in medieval York than has previously been possible. Beginning with the changes to the topography and infrastructure of the city after the Norman Conquest, the book moves on to examine the defences of the city, its religious life, life and death for the citizens, trade and industry, and finally the changes in religious and political views in the mid-sixteenth century which marked the end of the medieval period and the start of a new era in the city's history.